* denotes 2023 Innovation Award Winner
Effective and Non-toxic Underwater and Marine AdhesiveCurrent adhesives perform poorly underwater or in wet conditions, and use toxic solvents or chemicals. We will use novel chemistry to create mussel-inspired protected catechol-containing adhesives that will provide increased adhesion in both wet and dry conditions, with initial application to the Navy's special hull treatment for submarines.
Siting and regulatory optimization for clean commoditiesWe are an early-stage technology company building software to streamline the siting and regulatory challenges associated with upstream natural resources production on public lands. We are focused on producers building and utilizing land-based assets powering the energy transition including carbon sequestration, geothermal, critical minerals, and emissions-focused methane and RNG projects.
elementalGEO(TM)elementalGEO(TM) - A system consisting of a charged particle beam transmit (Tx) antenna, a receiver (Rx), and set of inverse algorithms used for geophysical detection, interrogation and exploration of lossy and/or conductive media terrestrially and in space. In other words, it's powerful enough to see deep underground.
Elimination of microplastics and per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) problems upon the disposal of single-use packagingOur technology focuses on PFAS and microplastics-free end-of-life for paper-based packaging materials. Biodegradable polymers were applied onto paper as a coating to create water and oil repellency, and performance such as physicomechanical, and thermal sealing tests for packaging applications are evaluated.
Making Extreme-event-stable Shorelines with Hyacinth (MESH)MESH is a low-tech, community-based material that will prevent shoreline erosion, support germination of seeds of dune stabilizing plant species and produce a fertile soil amendment after composting. An additional goal is to reduce environmental, economic and health threats caused by, water hyacinth, an invasive species in coastal waterways.
Practical PFAS Treatment with Functionalized SawdustThis project is to develop and demonstrate a practical and cost-effective approach to treat PFAS in wastewater using functionalized sawdust biomass.
Hybrid filtration/AOP membrane process for point of use PFAS removal from drinking waterPFAS contamination is a concern due to their long lives and health impacts. An iron oxide coated ceramic filter is used to separate the contaminants and to catalyze their degradation. The process uses materials that are readily available, non-toxic and low cost, which highlights the sustainable characteristic of the approach.
A Smartphone-based Colorimetric Sensor for Household Lead DetectionIn this proposed research project, we expect to develop a smartphone-based colorimetric sensor for household lead detection. The excellent sensitivity, selectivity, reusability, and cost-efficiency of the proposed sensor will allow affordable and routine monitoring of lead in the drinking water supplies of disadvantaged communities.
EPA P3: US EPA Hosting the 18th Annual P3 Student TeamsP3 stands for People, Prosperity and the Planet. Through this EPA program, teams of college students can benefit people, promote prosperity and protect the planet by designing environmental solutions that move us toward a sustainable future.
Enhancing the anion-exchange capacity of biochar for per- and polyfluoroalkyl (PFAS) stabilization in contaminated soilsWe aim to tailor biochar from two waste sources to promote their anion-exchange capacities (AEC) for PFAS sequestration during the land application of biosolids: (i) coagulant-rich water treatment residuals and (ii) agriculture waste.
Deep learning characterization of classical music with potential applications to the general fields of signal detection and classificationDevelop deep learning models that can characterize Indian classical music ragas (analogous to western scales) . These models can then be applied to signals in multiple disciplines for characterization and analysis. The structure inherent in ragas helps give scientific rigor to the model development process.
Rapid Multiple Counter Sensor - Counter s-UAS TechnologyLaser Storm is a patented, scalable, wide-area coverage laser-emitting device that can "Target and Blind" multiple UAvs at once. Designed to overwhelm multiple sensors by combining different wavelengths effective against different sensors, and splitting each laser into hundreds to project a “shower” of multiple-wavelength laser beams.
Nuclear Deterrence: Boost Phase Missile Interception with Superconductors in SpaceWe can intercept ballistic and hypersonic missiles in Boost-Phase, the ¨Holy Grail¨ of missile defense, from space using superconductors with our Dipole Coilgun in LEO orbit. Our innovation overcomes railgun heat issues and early coilgun electric switching problems. Space is cold (3°K) enough with available sunshields for superconductivity (≈20°K).
EV-Powered Mobile 3D Concrete Printing of In Situ MaterialnecoTECH’s Rapid Concrete Deployment Machine (RCDM) enables rapid sustainment and structure printing. By developing a self-contained, self-powered vehicle, specifically designed to utilize both traditional concrete and our environmentally friendly and in situ alternatives, necoTECH can create a real-time, on-location, mobile concrete additive manufacturing system.
Antibody Platform for Detection and Treatment of Bioterrorism AttacksRapid test in the field using antibodies (akin to a COVID swab or pregnancy urine test) to detect a bioterrorism event, diagnose the specific toxin used, and then provide rapid injectable antibody treatment before the onset of symptoms.
Energy FishingThe main idea for this proposal is to present comprehensive combinatorial energy fishing concerning the portable floating wind turbine structures associated with water waves and solar energy. A new water wave energy convertor system will be presented.
3D Bioprinting using Stiffened Polymer Bioinks and Bioorthogonal CrosslinkersDr. Sarah Heilshorn's lab at Stanford University has developed a platform for 3D bioprinting which stiffens the structure post-printing using chemistry that is completely bioorthogonal.
Opioid Degradation for Treatment of Fentanyl OverdoseNRL researchers have formulated a novel compound that inhibits fentanyl activity by acting as a solution-based neutralization complex to degrade the fentanyl compound before it can bind to the opioid receptor. The drug decreases the bioavailability of fentanyl and results in much less fentanyl efficacy than naloxone used alone.
Selective Removal of Barium and Select Ions from Brackish Water with Chemically Enhanced ElectrodialysisThis invention can selectively remove problematic metal ions over background electrolytes. Doing so in a targeted fashion reduces energy consumption associated with traditional non-targeted methods. This technique has the potential to be applied toward other ions of interests.
Electrochemical valorization of waste activated sludge for ammonia and short-chain fatty acid productionWaste sludge is a readily abundant material with the potential to be separated and enriched for high-value products. These methods demonstrate an ability to successfully separate and enrich both Ammonia and Short Chain Fatty Acid Products via specialized electrolysis techniques.
System and Algorithm for high efficiency thermal energy storageThe technology is a system and control algorithm for storing energy for transient renewable electricity sources such as solar and wind as heat. It uses multiple tanks containing readily available heat storage materials and discharges the heat energy in a highly efficient manner to generate electricity during night/low wind.
Novel Membrane Fabrication for Improved Flux, Reduced Fouling and Efficient Treatment of PFOAA study produced a MOF embedded ultra-thin film nanocomposite membrane using spin-coating for the interfacial polymerization of the polyamide. The resulting membrane had a 98% reduction in chemical use and a higher flux than traditional and commercial membranes. It also had antimicrobial properties and could improve water recovery.
Dual use fungi to remediate groundwater oil contamination and/or enhance oil and gas recoveryNaturally occurring fungi in soil has the potential to clean up oil contamination of groundwater and enhance oil and gas recovery. These fungi free trapped oil to enhance its recovery in oil and gas fields. Where oil contamination of groundwater exists, the fungi can remediate unrecovered oil by consuming it as a food source.
Platinum Silicide thin Films with Tailored PropertiesResearchers at Penn have developed a new way to form thin films of Pt3Si, which has substantially better mechanical properties than platinum while maintaining high electrical conductivity. Source-limited and kinetically limited solid state diffusion methods have been developed to create stochiometrically-controlled PtxSi films with a high degree of phase selectivity.