E. Akhayere, D. Kavaz
Cyprus International University,
Keywords: contaminant, crop production, fertilizer, nano silica, petrol
Summary:Soil contamination is a continuous reoccurrence and its adverse effect is the prevention of plant growth or reduction of nutrients in both plants and soil. Fertilizers are known to boost soil properties and enhance crop production but sometimes they are ineffective in contaminated soil. As a result of this nano fertilizer (NF) becomes a crucial material for the sustainability of crop production. nano silica fertilizer (NSF)was synthesized from the agricultural waste of barley, in a composite form and was applied to petrol-contaminated soil. The nano fertilizer was shown to remove heavy metals and hydrocarbons in soil, and in turn increase plant productivity. The properties of plant growth were investigated and the result showed that nano silica fertilizer was a very effective material in the treatment of contaminated soil and as well improved plant production properties. The synthesized nano silica fertilizer was characterized using scanning electron microscopy, (SEM) X-ray fluorescence (XRF), and Fourier transforms infrared (FTIR). And Brunauer–Emmett–Teller BET, and X-ray Diffractometer (XRD).