After graduating with a bachelor’s degree in chemical engineering from Bucknell University, I headed out west to the University of Colorado in Boulder. I joined Ted Randolph’s lab in the chemical engineering department to study the formulation of protein drug products. For my PhD thesis, I studied how to stabilize adjuvanted protein subunit vaccines through lyophilization. Upon graduation, I moved to Boston and started working at Novartis Vaccines in the Vaccine Chemistry and Formulation group. At Novartis, I was introduced to self-amplifying mRNA vaccines delivered by both lipid nanoparticles and emulsions. Since 2015, I been working at Moderna in the Delivery Science group where I have optimized lipid nanoparticles for the local delivery of mRNA.