The GreenBox: Modular Technology for the Removal of Ammonia and Nitrate with Energy Cogeneration

G.G. Botte
Texas Tech University,
United States

Keywords: ammonia removal, hydrogen production, nitrate removal

Summary:

Currently, wastewater treatment solutions for ammonia (biological and chemical treatments) consume a significant amount of energy, have high operational costs, require significant capital investment, are not easily adaptable to tighter emissions regulations and are large in size. In addition, current methods do not scale-down well for non-point source pollution, which usually comes from rural areas such as livestock facilities and fertilizer run-off leading to algae bloom. For this reason, the EPA has limited the nitrate contamination level in drinking water to 10 mg/l and the algae bloom problem has caused the EPA to consider reducing this limit to a lower value. The Ammonia GreenBox is based on the ammonia electrolysis technology which is the only technology that allows the direct conversion of ammonia into benign pure nitrogen gas and pure fuel grade hydrogen gas. The process, also known as the “Ammonia GreenBox” is compact, consumes less energy, reduces capital and operational costs and is amenable to regulatory changes via process control. Finally, the GreenBox provides an opportunity to generate hydrogen for use within the wastewater treatment plant infrastructure. As megatrends in population growth and urbanization continue to increase, the GreenBox provides the opportunity to retrofit and improve on current remediation plants, while also aiding in the next generation of plants that can handle more waste output from municipalities.