J. Cohen, G. DeLoid, S. Pirela, G. Pyrgiotakis, P. Demokritou
Harvard School of Public Health,
Keywords: nanotoxicology, dosimetry, in vitro, dispersion
Summary:Evidence continues to grow of the importance of in vitro and in vivo dosimetry in the hazard assessment and ranking of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs). Accurate dose metrics are particularly important for in vitro cellular screening to assess the potential health risks or bioactivity of ENMs. In order to ensure meaningful and reproducible quantification of in vitro dose, with consistent measurement and reporting between laboratories, it is necessary to adopt standardized and integrated methodologies for 1) generation of stable and minimally polydisperse ENM suspensions in cell culture media, 2) colloidal characterization of suspended ENMs, particularly properties that determine particle kinetics in an in vitro system (size distribution and formed agglomerate effective density), and 3) robust numerical fate and transport modeling for accurate determination of ENM dose delivered to cells over the course of the in vitro exposure. Here we present such an integrated comprehensive methodology for in vitro dosimetry, including detailed standardized procedures for each of these three critical steps.