A Study of Solar Radiation, Storage and Applications in Nigeria

O.O. Odia
Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, NG

Keywords: solar energy, photovoltaic cells, thermal collectors, pebbles, temperature, steam


The paper investigates the availability of solar energy in Auchi, a town in Nigeria located between longitude 6o15' East of the GM line and latitude 7o02' North of the Equator using photovoltaic solar cells and arrays of thermal solar collectors. The study proved that energy in excess of 64,202W/m2 is available for use. The study further shows that solar energy could be stored in form of heat energy for over 12 hours using a bed of pebbles while temperature as high as 126oC were recorded with thermal collectors without concentration. Also, 64ml of steam was condensed from a 180mm x 130mm solar collector steam generator.