Solid State Physics View of Liquid State Chemistry

B. Jie, C. Sah
Xiamen University, CN

Keywords: water lattice, quasi-particles, positive and negative protons, band model, bond model

Summary:

More than 80 years of theories and experiments on water suggested to us that pure water’s ‘'abnormally” high electrical conductivity is due to transport of positive and negative quasi-protons on the extended water lattice, which is accounted for by the long-range correlation inherent in the Fermion (electrons and protons) and Boson (phonons) energy band theory of quasi-particles in solids, with vigorous adherence to equilibrium and nonequilibrium states. Both positive and negative protons, p+ and p-, could trap at the neutral proton trap V0 = (H2O)0 in the extended water, converting it respectively to positively and negatively charged proton traps, V+ = (H3O)+ and V- = (HO)-. Theoretical charge control capacitance and electrical conductivity of pure water, impure water (acid and base solutions) are given.