Transforming India's Energy infrastructure: A 20 GW opportunity for energy storage & microgrids

R.S. Walawalkar, V. Walimbe, R. Chintapalli
Customized Energy Solutions India Pvt. Ltd., IN

Keywords: India, energy infrastructure, energy storage, microgrids, rural electrification, power shortage, renewable itnegration

Summary:

Today, India is one of the fastest growing economies in the world, with current electricity generation capacity of ~200 GW to meet the needs of over 1.2 Billion population. India’s per capita annual consumption of energy at ~600 kWh is one of the lowest in the world, and over 400 million of households that still lack basic access to electricity. At the same time India currently boasts a middle class population exceeding 300 Million. Lack of reliable and quality power supply is a major obstacle for accelerating development of manufacturing and industrial sector in India that is required to maintain 8-10% economic growth for the world's largest democracy. Consumers bear a large burden due to poor quality and unreliable power supply. Industries maintain diesel powered generators and households have inverters with batteries as backup for unscheduled power cuts, low voltages or variable frequency. A recent market assessment by India Energy Storage Alliance suggests a potential of 15-20 GW by 2020 in India for various applications ranging from telecom tower backups to grid ancillary services and renewable integration.