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The morphology and properties of silica nanoparticles synthesized by sol-gel reaction in elastomer matrix

M. Lipinska, M. Zaborski
Technical University of Lodz, PL

Keywords: sol-gel, silica, nanoparticles, elastomer, sythesis in situ


In our studies the influence of different dispersing agents on the synthesis and character of silica particles prepared by a sol-gel reaction was investigated. The silica with different surface morphology was synthesized from tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) in suspension medium - decane (an appropriate model for the elastomer). The character and structure of used dispersants strongly interacted on the shape, the particle size distrbution and morphology of synthesized silicas. In comparision the reaction in the presence of dispersants was conducted “in-situ”, directly in elastomeric medium. For this purpose the mixtures of hydrogentated butadiene-acrylonitrile HNBR and ethylene-propylene rubbers containing different amount of tetraethoxysilane and dispersants were prepared. Before the vulcanization the rubber mixtures were swelled in atmosphere of carbon dioxide or were allowed to stand in atmosphere with high moisture to catalyze the sol-gel reaction. Rheometric, mechanical properties of elastomers containing synthesized in-situ silica nanoparticles were investigated.
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